Georgia’s architecture represents culture which had been developing for centuries. There is not a single part of the country without the ancient buildings, sites of ancient towns or villages, churches, castles, bridges of the pre-antique period or the Middle Ages. Georgian Architecture has been influenced by many civilizations. There are several different architectural styles for castles, towers, fortifications and churches. The Upper Svaneti fortifications, and the castle town of Shatili in Khevsureti, are some of the finest examples of medieval Georgian castle architecture.
Georgian ecclesiastic art is one of the most fascinating aspects of Georgian Christian architecture, which combines classical dome style with original basilica style forming what is known as the Georgian cross-dome style. Cross-dome architecture developed in Georgia during the 9th century; before that, most Georgian churches were basilicas.
“Jvari” Cathedral in Mtskheta (586-604) is one of the masterpieces of Georgian and world architecture. Not only the harmonious balance of the parts and harmony with the surrounding nature are achieved, but the artistic solution of the inner space and facades is in harmony as well, which was unknown to the architecture of the majority of the Georgian and of other regions of Christendom of previous centuries.
The architecture of south-western Georgia appeared to be especially advanced, the churches here, which were often commissioned by the members of the powerful Bagrationi royal house, are the best proofs of the achievement of the art of those times (Oskhi, Khakhuli or Tbeti domed churches, the basilicas of Otkhta and Parkhli, and so on).
The 17th-l 8th century Tbilisi royal palaces must have been built in the Persian style. And yet it is in secular, or rather “semi-secular” buildings that the vivid creative skill is visible more distinctly.